If you’re curious about your genetic makeup, and you are considering obtaining a DNA kit, don’t be surprised if there are some inconsistencies, especially if you order kits from more than one company. Variations in sample populations are quite common, resulting from closely related genetic populations which may be lumped into one broad category.
The first kit I ordered was from 23andme, and the results were consistent with what I expected to find on my report. It confirmed that I was pretty much 50% (49.6%, to be precise) Japanese, and the other 50% was mostly Hungarian, 5.6% Greek, 2.3% Italian, and1.8% German and French. Several years later, I ordered kits from Ancestry and MyHeritage, which only served to complicate the picture. Ancestry’s report was the most simplified, with 50% Japanese, 45% Hungarian/Eastern European, and the remainder scattered among Italian, Greek, and English. MyHeritage reported 46% Japanese, 36.8% Eastern European (no breakdown for Hungary specifically), and the remainder broadly European with no breakdown for Greece, Italy, Germany or France. Once I sifted through all three reports simultaneously, I was able to interpret my genetic background, but I could definitely see how some people might be thrown off by a genetic report which was too general or broad.
One important and confounding factor to consider is that we don’t express all 50% of the DNA we get from each parent, which skews the DNA analysis even further. The best thing to do when interpreting a genetic analysis is to take it all with a grain of salt. The science behind genetic analysis, while mostly accurate, also has a margin of error.
If you are trying to decide on a company to use for your genetic testing, it really depends on whether your primary objective is to uncover your genetic makeup for your family’s genealogy, obtain health information, or to connect with lost family and relatives. For those more interested in genetic health markers, 23andme constantly expands its testing, so you will get regular reports as new genetic markers are added to the list. Ancestry and MyHeritage are both fantastic for exploring your genealogical tree, and both offer multiple resources and archived records to members.
Lastly, in case you are concerned about protecting your privacy when obtaining genetic testing, please click here. The link will lead you to an excellent article written by Victoria McIntosh from Comparitech regarding this subject.